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Essential fatty acids

The essential fatty acids also play an important role in applied nutritional medicine. We need fats to be healthy – but the right ones!
We distinguish between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, which is a very important quality difference. Saturated fatty acids are fats of inferior quality. They are found mainly in animal foods, such as fat fish, meat, sausage or butter. If we eat too much of these, the harmful LDL cholesterol level in the blood is raised and the risk of arteriosclerosis is increased.
The high-quality fats, the unsaturated fatty acids, are again divided into two categories: the monounsaturated fatty acids and the polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Monounsaturated fatty acids lower the total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels. They are found in olive oil or in rape oil as oleic acid, for instance. The polyunsaturated fatty acids include the omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids.
Omega-6 Fatty Acid …
is the linoleic acid in soy and maize oil, for instance. It cannot be produced by the body, therefore we have to supply it to the body. This is therefore an essential omega-6 fatty acid. It is found in evening primrose oil and in borage. It has an anti-inflammatory effect and protects the skin of the nerve cells. Gamma-linoleic acid is used in the treatment of neurodermatitis, premenstrual syndrome, migraine and nerve damage.
Omega-3 Fatty Acid …
Alpha-linolenic acid, which is found in linseed and rape oil, is an omega-3 fatty acid. It is also essential and must therefore also be supplied regularly. Omega-3 fatty acids are important for development of the brain, the nervous system and eyesight. In applied nutritional medicine, they are used especial for cardiovascular diseases, rheumatism, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, Crohn’s disease and allergies because of their anti-inflammatory and heart protecting properties. Preparations with omega-2 fatty acids from fish oil are available.
Omega-6 fatty acids:
Linoleic acid:
maize oil, safflower oil, sesame, sunflower seeds
Gamma-linolenic acid:
evening primrose oil, borage oil, black currant seeds
Omega-3 fatty acids:
Linolenic acid:
soybeans, walnuts, wheatgerms, linseed
Eicosa pentaeinic acid, docosahexaneic acid:
fish, mussels
Literature: Gesund durch ausreichend Vitamine, Mineralstoffe & Spurenelemente, Nährstoff-Akademie Salzburg; ISBN: 3-902472-00-6


  Omega-6 fatty acids omega-3 fatty acids
DACH reference level 6 g 2g
Nutritional medicine dosage 6 g 2 g